Enuresis in children – definitions and treatment standards

Klinika Pediatrii, Nefrologii i Alergologii Dziecięcej, Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny, Warszawa.
Kierownik Kliniki: prof. dr hab. n. med. Anna Jung
Adres do korespondencji: Katarzyna Jobs, Klinika Pediatrii, Nefrologii i Alergologii Dziecięcej, CSK MON WIM, ul. Szaserów 128,
04-141 Warszawa, tel.: 22 681 72 36, e-mail: kjobs@wim.mil.pl
Praca finansowana ze środków własnych

Pediatr Med rodz Vol 10 Numer 1, p. 32–35
DOI: 10.15557/PiMR.2014.0003
ABSTRACT

Nocturnal enuresis in Poland concerns about 300 000 of 5–14-year-old children (SMG/KRC report). Opinion about psychical background of enuresis, which was obligatory earlier, cannot be confirmed in recent investigations. Lately new standardization documents were published. One of them was prepared by International Children’s Continence Society (ICCS) and published in 2006 and 2007. Periodic incontinence was divided into day and nocturnal, and nocturnal incontinence was called enuresis. Enuresis we can treat as both sign and disease. It is divided into primary and secondary, monosymptomatic and nonmonosymptomatic. In Poland document called Guidelines for evaluation and treatment concerned children with enuresis was published in 2012. It was prepared by expert groups of Polish Children’s Urology Society and Polish Children’s Nephrology Society. Enuresis is the term which define urinary incontinence while asleep in a child aged at least 5 years. We present here abbreviated version of pathogenesis, diagnostic methods and treatment of nocturnal enuresis.

Keywords: nocturnal enuresis, children, terminology, diagnostics, treatment